P0014 ford focus 3
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P0014 ford focus 3

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Ford Focus P0014: Causes + How to Fix

P0014 OBD2 Code Diagnosis

Drivetrain Resource

P0014 is a relatively common trouble code for vehicles that have Variable Valve Timing (VVT). This includes the Ford Focus.

VVT adjusts the position of the camshaft(s) to maximize the combustion efficiency of the motor. P0014 means that the camshaft position is too far advanced from where it should be in relation to normal operating specs.

Before doing anything, check your Focus’s oil level. Low oil is the number one cause of P0014.

P0014 Quick Reference Table

Ford Focus P0014

P0014 Definition “B” Camshaft Position Timing Over Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1)
Symptoms Stalling, decreased MPG, rattling, engine running rough, check engine light
Common Causes Low oil, wrong oil viscosity, faulty camshaft actuator, timing chain/belt jumped
Breakdown Risk Not usually, but in rare cases, the underlying causes can damage the engine. Don’t drive with P0014.
Repair Cost (Parts Only) Usually well under $200

Ford Focus: P0014 Definition

The technical definition of P0014 for the Focus is “B” Camshaft Position Timing Over Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1). Here it is separated into its three main pieces, with a quick explanation of each.

“B” Camshaft Position

P0014 Meaning

Engines equipped with VVT use camshaft actuators (they’re often called phasers) to adjust the position of the cam. Adjusting the camshaft timing allows an engine to have a better power curve and better fuel economy (the automotive equivalent of having your cake and eating it too).

Depending on the vehicle, the “B” camshaft is the exhaust, right or rear camshaft.

Over Advanced or System Performance

VVT allows an engine to act as though it has different camshaft profiles at different RPMs; this is great for both power and fuel economy. It can advance or retard the timing at will. Sometimes, the system will get stuck in an over-advanced position.

When this happens, your Ford Focus will store trouble code P0014.

Valve timing control methods can be quite different for every engine, even from the same manufacturer, but the basics are the same.

Camshaft actuators or phasers change how long the intake and exhaust valves stay open. They are hydraulic, which means that they use the vehicle’s engine oil to change the intake valve timing.

Some simpler systems change the cam timing, while others change cam profiles entirely. Here’s a detailed write-up on exactly how VVT works if you’re interested in learning more.

Bank 1

Bank one is the side of the engine with the first cylinder. If your Focus has an inline engine, you don’t need to concern yourself with this.

But, if your Focus has a “V” engine, it’ll have two cylinder heads. You’ll need to look up which side is bank 1. It’s usually the cylinder head closer to the front of the engine.

Symptoms of P0014

P0014 OBD2 Code Symptoms

When the cam timing is off, it can cause some issues with the motor. Here are some of the typical symptoms of P0014 in the Ford Focus:

  • Poor Idle Quality– If the “B” camshaft actuator fails while it is too far advanced, it’ll idle roughly.
  • Rattling Sound– You may hear the camshaft actuator rattling at idle speed since it’s not where it’s supposed to be. A rattling sound can also indicate the timing chain jumped a tooth.
  • Decreased Gas Mileage– Now that your Focus’s engine can no longer adjust its cam timing on the fly, it will no longer be able to produce optimum combustion, which causes poor economy.
  • Lost Power– Your truck’s engine will not be able to produce as much power; this is because the cam profile will not allow it to run a performance power curve when you need more power.
  • Service Engine Soon Light– Most of the time, you’ll be able to feel or see one of the above symptoms, but if you can’t, the check engine light will come on and let you know something is wrong.
  • Hard to Start– With the timing too far advanced, it won’t be easy to start the motor, especially when it is warm.

Ford Focus P0014: Causes + How to Fix

P0014 Causes

Here are the most common causes of the P0014 code in your Ford Focus. Start by checking your car’s oil level.

Here are the most common causes, presented in order from the easiest thing to check to the most difficult:

Engine Oil

The first thing you should do is check your Focus’s oil. There are three ways that it can cause P0014:

  • Low Oil: The most common cause of P0014 is low oil. The oil level needs to be low enough to lower the engine’s oil pressure (dangerously low). If oil flow slows down enough to throw the p0014 code, It’s likely low enough to lock up the engine.
  • Dirty Oil: If the oil and/or oil filter haven’t been changed in a long time, sometimes it can cause the camshaft actuator to clog up with sludge.
  • Wrong Viscocity (Too Thick or Too Thin): If you recently had an oil change and your Focus now has this code, change the oil again, and verify that the shop used the right oil.

Bad Exhaust Camshaft Position Actuator or Actuator Solenoid

The actuator solenoid can go bad over time. You certainly don’t want to start here since, a lot of the time, it’ll be something else that causes the P0014 to appear. Here’s a good video that explains how to test the camshaft actuator using a scan tool:

Engine Timing

If your Focus’s camshaft(s) are no longer synced to the crankshaft properly (such as if the timing chain jumped a tooth), it can cause the engine timing to be off enough to throw the P0014 (probably P0011, too), even though it’s not the actuator’s fault.

Wiring Issues

The wiring from the solenoid to the ECM can become damaged or broken, this will throw the P0014 OBDII code. The wiring harness to the intake camshaft position sensor may also develop a poor connection—YouTube: How to Find an Open or Short the Fast Easy Way.

Bad ECM (highly unlikely)

If your Focus’s engine controller goes bad, it may throw this code along with other issues. Here’s how to tell if you have a bad ECM Autoblog: Symptoms of a Bad ECM.

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P0014 – Camshaft Position B – Timing Over-Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1)

P0014 code

The P0014 trouble code appears in your Engine control module’s trouble code memory when there is a problem with your camshaft timing or variable camshaft timing system.

There are quite a few things that can cause this error code, and it can result in serious engine damage if you ignore it, so you want to diagnose it as soon as possible. In this article, you will find everything you need to know about the P0014 error code.

Code P0014 Definition

Camshaft Position B – Timing Over-Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1)

What does the P0014 code mean?

P0014 indicates that the camshaft position sensors detected an incorrect camshaft timing on camshaft B on bank 1. In most cases, this means that there is a problem with your variable camshaft timing control, but it can also mean that there is a problem with the camshaft timing.

The timing between the camshafts and crankshaft must be correct for good engine performance, and it uses the crankshaft position sensor and camshaft position sensor to measure this timing.

If the timing is off on either the crankshaft or camshafts, the engine control module will notice this problem and store the P0014 trouble code and illuminate the check engine light.

P0014 Trouble Code Symptoms

The most common symptoms of the p0014 trouble code are engine performance issues such as a hard start, rough acceleration, or a stalling engine. You will also likely experience a check engine light on your dashboard.

Here are some of the signs you may notice with a P0014 trouble code:

  • Check engine light
  • Hard starting
  • Rough acceleration
  • Performance issues
  • Stalling engine

Causes of the P0014 Code

The most common cause of the P0014 is a faulty VCT or VVT valve solenoid, which controls the camshaft timing adjustment. It can also be caused by a faulty camshaft position sensor, a faulty timing chain, or a timing tensioner.

Here are the most common causes of the P0014 trouble code:

  • Incorrect Camshaft Timing
  • Faulty camshaft timing control solenoid
  • Failed VVT or VCT solenoid
  • Clogged oil lines to the VVT or VCT solenoid
  • Low Engine Oil
  • Low oil pressure
  • A faulty camshaft position sensor
  • Faulty crankshaft positions sensor
  • Damaged wirings
  • Faulty Timing Chain or Timing Belt
  • Faulty Timing Tensioner

How serious is the P0014 Code?

Very Serious: The P0014 code could mean that there is something seriously wrong with your timing belt or timing chain. This can cause the pistons to hit the engine valves if something is wrong with the timing belt or timing chain, resulting in complete engine damage which can be very costly.

It is highly recommended to fix the problem as soon as possible and not ignore the problem and continue driving your vehicle when the P0014 code appears on your code scanner.

What repairs can fix the P0014 code?

There are many repairs that can fix the P0014 code, but you always want to make a proper diagnosis before replacing any parts. Usually, repairs related to camshaft timing can fix this error code.

Some common repairs that can fix the P0014 code include:

  • Add engine oil or change the oil and oil filter
  • Clean oil lines to VCT or VVT system.
  • Clean or replace the VVT or VCT solenoid
  • Replace the timing belt or timing chain
  • Replace camshaft timing control valve solenoid
  • Replace the camshaft position sensor
  • Replace the crankshaft position sensor
  • Repair faulty wirings

Common P0014 Diagnosis mistakes

The most common P0014 diagnosis mistake is thinking the timing chain or belt is bad without properly diagnosing it. Replacing a timing chain or timing belt can be very expensive, and the P0014 code can be caused by many other things, so you definitely want to do a proper diagnosis first.

The most common problem with P0114 is a faulty VVT or VCT system, which controls the timing of the camshaft system. However, it could also be something as simple as a bad camshaft position sensor or a low oil level.

Recommended Tools for Diagnosis

  • Diagnostic OBD Scan Tool
  • Multimeter
  • Basic Hand Tools
  • Auto Repair Manual
  • Electrical Contact Cleaner

How to diagnose the P0014 Trouble Code

Diagnosing the P0014 code can be quite difficult without the right expertise and knowledge. This is because it can be difficult to reach the camshaft timing and check it without the right tools and knowledge due to the complex systems.

However, here are some easy ways most people with basic knowledge can use to diagnose the P0014 trouble code:

  1. Connect an OBD2 scanner and look for any related trouble codes that could cause the P0014 code. If you see any related codes to the crankshaft position sensor or camshaft position sensor, you want to diagnose these first, which could solve the P0014 trouble code.
  2. Check your engine oil level and make sure it is good. If it is low, add oil or change oil and the oil filter. Then clear the P0014 code and try again.
  3. Check your service manual and check the oil filler cap to see if you can see a lot of sludge inside the engine. If there is a lot of sludge, it’s possible that your engine oil is very old, which could cause the VVT or VCT engine control valve’s oil lines to clog up. In this case, you may need to change the engine oil and clean the oil lines and VVT valve.
  4. Check the operation of the VVT or VCT valve solenoid using your diagnostic scanner. Try an output test to see if the VCT valve solenoid moves or not. You can also try with 12v+ power and ground if you have some car electrical knowledge.
  5. If easily accessed, remove the VCT control valve solenoid and clean the oil passages with compressed air and a proper cleaner solution.
  6. Check the camshaft position sensor and crankshaft position sensors to make sure they send the right signals.
  7. Check engine camshaft timing manually. Check your repair manual on how to do this in your engine. If it is faulty, you must disassemble the timing belt or chain and inspect for damage.

If there are any steps here that you are not sure about, it may be wise to contact a professional diagnostic technician for a proper diagnosis.

How Much Does It Cost To Repair P0014?

There is no way to say a fixed repair cost to repair the P0014 error code, due to the variety of problems that can cause this error code. It could be something as simple as low engine oil, which could be fixed for a few bucks. It can also be caused by a worn timing chain or belt, which can cost $3,000 or more to fix.

Here are some common repair costs associated with the P0014 code:

  • VVT or VCT Control Valve Cleaning – 0$
  • Low Engine Oil Level – $10 to $100
  • Variable camshaft timing control solenoid – 200$ to 500$
  • VVT or VCT control unit replacement 500$ to 1500$
  • Timing chain or timing chain replacement 600$ to 3000$

How do you fix code P0014?

To fix the P0014 code, you must first find out what’s causing this error code. The easiest way to begin is to look for other related error codes. If you see any codes related to the VVT or VCT control valve, you need to inspect and diagnose this valve. You also want to check the camshaft timing and make sure there are no timing issues.

Can P0014 be caused by low oil?

Yes. P0014 can be caused by low oil. Low oil will cause low oil pressure, and the camshaft tensioners and solenoids are often controlled with the oil pressure, so if the oil pressure is low, it will cause problems with the camshaft timing, resulting in P0014.

Can bad spark plugs cause P0014 code?

P0014 means there is a problem with the camshaft timing or the camshaft timing reading, and the spark plugs are not really related to this. Therefore, it would be very rare for bad spark plugs to cause the P0014 error code.

Can I drive with code P0014?

No. It’s not recommended to drive with the P0014 code without first diagnosing the problem. If there is a problem with the camshaft timing and you ignore it, it can result in complete engine failure if you are unlucky, which in most cases will result in an engine replacement, which can be very expensive.

How much does it cost to replace the camshaft sensor?

If you find that the camshaft sensor is bad, it is often quite cheap to replace it. You can expect to pay around $50 to $200 for the sensor itself, and the sensor is often replaced within 30 minutes. Therefore, you can expect a total replacement cost of $80 to $300 for a camshaft sensor replacement on most vehicles. But in some car models, it can be more expensive.

The P0014 code means there is a problem with the camshaft timing. This can either be due to an actual incorrect camshaft timing, which can be a serious problem that needs to be addressed immediately, or it can result in very expensive repair costs.

But it can also be caused by something as simple as low engine oil or a bad camshaft position sensor, which can often be fixed for under $300. If you do not feel that you have the right expertise to solve this problem, contact a professional mechanic as soon as possible.

Related P0014 Trouble Codes

  • P0336 – Crankshaft Position Sensor “A” Circuit Range/Performance
  • P0343 Code: Camshaft Position Sensor A – Circuit High Input
  • P0340 Code: Camshaft Position Sensor – Circuit Malfunction

P0014 Code Diagnosis: Camshaft Position and Timing Over-Advanced Solutions

P0014 Code Diagnosis Camshaft Position And Timing Over Advanced Solutions

P0014 Code Diagnosis Camshaft Position And Timing Over Advanced Solutions

If you’re experiencing engine issues and your check engine light has come on, you may have encountered the P0014 code.

This code indicates a problem with the camshaft position and timing over-advanced.

When this occurs, the engine’s computer detects that the camshaft is out of sync with the crankshaft, which can cause a variety of issues with the engine’s performance.

A mechanic inspects a car engine, analyzing the camshaft position and timing. Tools and diagnostic equipment are scattered around the work area

There are several potential causes of the P0014 code, including issues with the camshaft or crankshaft sensors, problems with the timing chain or belt, or issues with the engine’s oil pressure.

When these components are not working properly, it can cause the camshaft to be out of sync with the crankshaft, which can lead to poor engine performance, reduced fuel efficiency, and other issues.

Understanding P0014 Code

Definition and Meaning

If you have a check engine light on and the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is P0014, it means that there is a problem with the Camshaft Position and Timing Over-Advanced.

This code is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II system, including cars, trucks and SUVs.

The P0014 code is related to the camshaft position and timing, which are essential components of the engine’s operation.

The camshaft controls the opening and closing of the engine’s valves, while the timing ensures that the valves open and close at the right time.

If the camshaft position and timing are over-advanced, it can cause a variety of problems, including poor engine performance, reduced fuel efficiency, and increased emissions.

Causes of P0014 Code

The most common causes of the P0014 code are related to the camshaft position and timing. Some of the possible causes include:

  • Faulty camshaft position sensor
  • Faulty camshaft phaser
  • Timing chain or belt issues
  • Engine oil issues
  • Wiring or electrical issues

The camshaft position sensor and phaser are responsible for monitoring the position and timing of the camshaft.

If either of these components is faulty, it can cause the P0014 code to appear.

Additionally, if the timing chain or belt is worn or damaged, it can cause the camshaft to be over-advanced.

Engine oil issues can also cause the P0014 code to appear.

If the engine oil is dirty or low, it can cause problems with the camshaft position and timing.

Finally, wiring or electrical issues can cause the P0014 code to appear.

If there is a problem with the wiring or electrical connections related to the camshaft position sensor or phaser, it can cause the code to appear.

In conclusion, the P0014 code is related to the camshaft position and timing, and it can cause a variety of problems if left unaddressed.

If you have a check engine light on and the diagnostic trouble code is P0014, it is important to have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to determine the underlying cause of the problem.

Diagnostic Tools and Equipment

A mechanic examines diagnostic tools and equipment, focusing on a P0014 code diagnosis for camshaft position and timing over-advanced solutions

To accurately diagnose a P0014 code, you will need several diagnostic tools and equipment. These include:

  • OBD-II Scanner: This is the primary tool used to retrieve the P0014 code from the vehicle’s computer system. It is essential to use a reliable scanner that can read manufacturer-specific codes to avoid misdiagnosis.
  • Digital Multimeter: This tool is used to test the camshaft position sensor and the timing solenoid valve for proper voltage and resistance. A faulty sensor or valve can cause the P0014 code to appear.
  • Oscilloscope: An oscilloscope is used to check the waveform of the camshaft position sensor and timing solenoid valve. It can help identify any irregularities in the signal that may be causing the code.
  • Timing Light: A timing light is used to verify the timing of the engine. If the timing is off, it can cause the camshaft position to be over-advanced, triggering the P0014 code.
  • Service Manual: A service manual specific to your vehicle’s make and model will provide you with diagnostic procedures and specifications for testing the camshaft position sensor and timing solenoid valve.

Having the right diagnostic tools and equipment is crucial to accurately diagnose and repair the P0014 code.

It is recommended to use high-quality tools and follow the manufacturer’s diagnostic procedures to avoid misdiagnosis and costly repairs.

How Does a Crankshaft Position Sensor Issue Relate to Camshaft Position and Timing Over-Advanced Solutions?

When dealing with crankshaft position sensor performance issues, it’s important to consider potential effects on camshaft position and timing. Over-advanced solutions may occur if the crankshaft and camshaft positions are not properly synchronized. Resolving crankshaft position sensor issues can prevent timing imbalances and maintain smooth engine operation.

Step-by-Step Troubleshooting

A mechanic using diagnostic tools on a car engine, checking camshaft position and timing for P0014 code diagnosis

If you’re experiencing a P0014 code, it’s important to diagnose and fix the issue as soon as possible to prevent further damage to your engine.

Here are the steps you can take to troubleshoot the problem:

Initial Inspection

Before diving into more complex troubleshooting, it’s important to perform a visual inspection of the camshaft position sensor and solenoid.

Check for any visible damage or signs of wear and tear.

Additionally, inspect the timing chain and system to ensure that everything is in good condition and properly aligned.

Sensor and Solenoid Tests

If the initial inspection doesn’t reveal any issues, the next step is to test the camshaft position sensor and solenoid.

Use a multimeter to check the resistance of the sensor and solenoid.

Compare the readings to the manufacturer’s specifications to determine if they are within acceptable limits.

If the readings are outside of the acceptable range, replace the faulty component.

If they are within the acceptable range, move on to the next step.

Timing Chain and System Inspection

If the sensor and solenoid tests don’t reveal any issues, it’s time to inspect the timing chain and system.

Use a timing light to check the timing of the engine. If the timing is off, it could be due to a stretched or damaged timing chain.

Inspect the timing chain for any signs of wear or damage.

If the timing chain is in good condition, check the timing chain tensioner and guides for wear and damage.

By following these steps, you can diagnose and fix the issue causing the P0014 code.

Remember to always refer to the manufacturer’s specifications and use caution when working on your engine.

Are P0014 and P2002 related codes and do they require similar solutions for resolution?

The codes P0014 and P2002 can be related as they both indicate issues with the diesel engine’s performance. However, they require different solutions for resolution. P0014 is related to the camshaft position, while P2002 pertains to the diesel particulate filter. Both issues need to be addressed for improving diesel engine efficiency.

Professional Repair and Solutions

A mechanic examines engine with diagnostic tool, displaying

If you have received a P0014 code diagnosis, it is important to seek professional repair and solutions.

There are two common solutions that mechanics and technicians use to fix this issue: Camshaft Position Actuator Repair and ECM Update or Replacement.

Camshaft Position Actuator Repair

The Camshaft Position Actuator is a small component that controls the camshaft’s position and timing.

If the actuator is faulty, it can cause the camshaft to be over-advanced, triggering the P0014 code.

In this case, the actuator needs to be repaired or replaced.

To repair the actuator, a mechanic will need to remove the valve cover and timing chain to access the actuator.

Once the actuator is removed, it can be cleaned and inspected for damage.

If the actuator is damaged beyond repair, it will need to be replaced.

ECM Update or Replacement

If the Camshaft Position Actuator is not the issue, the next step is to update or replace the Engine Control Module (ECM).

The ECM is responsible for controlling the engine’s operation, including the camshaft’s position and timing.

If the ECM is faulty or outdated, it can cause the camshaft to be over-advanced, triggering the P0014 code.

To update the ECM, a mechanic will need to connect the vehicle to a diagnostic tool and download the latest software update.

If the ECM is damaged beyond repair, it will need to be replaced.

In conclusion, if you receive a P0014 code diagnosis, it is important to seek professional repair and solutions.

Camshaft Position Actuator Repair and ECM Update or Replacement are two common solutions that mechanics and technicians use to fix this issue.

Preventive Measures and Maintenance Tips

A mechanic diagnosing P0014 code with tools and diagnostic equipment in a well-lit garage

To avoid encountering the P0014 code, you can follow some preventive measures and maintenance tips.

Here are some of the things you can do:

  • Regularly check the engine oil level and quality. Low oil pressure or dirty oil can cause the camshaft to advance too much, triggering the P0014 code.
  • Change the engine oil and filter according to the manufacturer’s recommended schedule. Old oil can become contaminated and affect the camshaft’s performance.
  • Use the recommended oil viscosity and type for your engine. Using the wrong oil can cause issues with the camshaft and other engine components.
  • Keep up with your vehicle’s scheduled maintenance, including tune-ups and inspections. This can help catch any issues before they become serious.
  • If you notice any unusual engine noises or performance issues, have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic. Ignoring these symptoms can lead to more severe problems down the road.

By following these preventive measures and maintenance tips, you can help ensure your vehicle runs smoothly and avoid encountering the P0014 code.

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